New paper: „Frugal innovation and analogies: some propositions for product development in emerging economies“

Working_Paper_84A new paper that seeks to generate some preliminary insights on the use of inventive analogies in the process of creating frugal innovations. The paper has been authored by Rajnish Tiwari, Katharina Kalogerakis and Cornelius Herstatt and was presented at the recently-held R&D Management Conference (June 3-6, 2014) in Stuttgart.

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Aiming Big with Small Cars: Emergence of a Lead Market in India

A new book by Rajnish Tiwari and Cornelius Herstatt dealing with frugal innovations and the role of emerging market countries, published by Springer

  • Critical analysis of today’s dominant logic and extension of lead market paradigm
  • Delivers new assessment tools for identifying emerging lead markets
  • Explores opportunities for frugal innovations and their constituent characteristics
  • Detailed analysis of a sunrise industry in India​

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Innovieren für preisbewusste Kunden: Analogieeinsatz als Erfolgsfaktor in Schwellenländern

An artfical heart developed by IIT Kharagpur based on an analogy to a cockroach’s heart. Photo courtsey: Times of India

Neue Publikation vom Center for Frugal Innovation @TIM/TUHH: Ein neues Arbeitspapier von Rajnish Tiwari und Cornelius Herstatt (Working Paper No. 75, TIM/TUHH) untersucht den EInsatz von innovativen Produktanalogien in frugalen Innovationsprojekten und kommt zum Schluss, „dass frugale Innovationen aufgrund der hohen Bedeutung von Risikominimierung in Produktentwicklungsprojekten häufig eine größere Offenheit für externes Wissen und Analogien aus ihrer Umwelt aufweisen, und davon auch viel profitieren. Den interessierten (potenziellen) frugalen Innovatoren kann diese Methode daher zwecks Reduzierung von Entwicklungskosten und –risiken aber auch zur Steigerung der Prozesseffizient empfohlen werden. Nicht zuletzt zeigen die Fallstudien aber auch, dass der Analogieeinsatz in frugalen Innovationen wichtige Erkenntnisse fürs Management von Innovationsprojekten in nicht-frugalem Bereich liefern kann.“

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Report: „7 companies with over-average rural exposure fare better in stock market“

According to a report appearing the Economic Times (Mumbai, Oct. 4, 2013), „India Inc’s rural champions have probably never had it so good.“ A good monsoon is seen as having „kindled hopes of a turnaround in demand for key products“.

A Hero SPLENDOR-NXG

A Hero SPLENDOR-NXG. Photo courtsey: Hero Motocorp

The ET report citing an unnamed study by the Deutsche Bank says: „At a time when the rest of India Inc is either groaning under heavy debt or struggling to sell in a sluggish market, companies with heavy rural focus are literally licking their lips in anticipation of a surge in demand in India’s villages and towns. Already, two-wheeler sales are inching up, tractor sales are booming and banks are hiring employees in far-flung regions, hoping to benefit from a monsoon that has increased the kharif area by 5% and water reservoir levels by 15%.“

The 7 firms examined in the study are Hero Motocorp, Emami, Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra & Mahindra, M&M Fin Services, and ITC. All of these companies can be regarded as champions in having mastered the „frugal challenge„.

„Aiming Big with Small Cars“

A forthcoming publication on the emergence of a lead market for frugal products in India:

Aiming Big with Small Cars: Emergence of a Lead Market in India

By: Rajnish Tiwari and Cornelius Herstatt

India Studies in Business and EconomicsSpringer Verlag, Series: India Studies in Business and Economics

(2014, Approx. 180 p. 42 illus.)

Hardcover edition (ISBN 978-3-319-02065-5, Due: December 31, 2013)
E-book edition (to be available shortly, ISBN 978-3-319-02066-2)

About the book

  • Critical analysis of today’s dominant logic and extension of lead market paradigm
  • Delivers new assessment tools for identifying emerging lead markets
  • Explores opportunities for frugal innovations and their constituent characteristics
  • Detailed analysis of a sunrise industry in India​
This book focuses on the small car segment of India’s automotive industry to explain the emergence of lead markets. The authors contend that the current understanding of lead markets does not sufficiently explain the business practices that are born out of the intensified globalization of innovation. Lead markets are considered crucial for the global diffusion of new products and this book investigates whether sustainable lead markets can also emerge in developing economies, and if so, under which conditions. The authors question the conventional wisdom and propose updates and extensions to the lead market theory to better reflect the changing ground realities on ground.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Automotive Industry – Frugal innovations – Indian economy – Innovation systems – Lead markets